Tag Archives: Satan

Are Goats Devilish?

Question: “I have a question, for a lot of religions goats seem to be the main way that they view their gods. Also in Matthew 25:33 it talks about how Jesus will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left. So my question is, why are goats looked down on and used as demonic symbols. Thank you.”  N in Tennessee

My Answer:  Good question.  A couple of thoughts.  In many ancient cultures, the Hebrews among them, goats were a common sacrificial animal, along with sheep.  This may probably be simply because goats were so common.  Many people raised goats.  This is still true today.  Indeed, it is believed that goat is the most common meat eaten worldwide.  Anyway, goats would have become associated with certain gods through the practice of offering them as a sacrifice.

For early Christians goats became associated with the devil and evil for two reasons.

1) The first is the teaching of Jesus you mentioned.  Those who were judged and condemned by Christ were the “goats” on his left hand.  Jesus wasn’t probably trying to make goats seem evil.  In fact, the Jews would not have considered goats as necessarily evil at all.  For example, goats were a legitimate sacrificial animal, and appropriate to sacrificing to the Lord.  We usually think of the Passover offering as being a sheep, and it generally was.  However, a goat was also acceptable (see Exodus 12:5).  Rather, Jesus was stressing the idea of separation of the righteous from the ungodly, just as a farmer would separate flocks of sheep and goats.  However, the condemnation of the ungodly on his left caused goats to be associated with evil in the minds of many people.  It is also interesting to note that in many cultures the left hand is associated with evil.  Indeed, the very word “sinister” comes from the Latin word for “left.”

2) There were some pagan gods that were associated with goats.  Prominent among them was Pan, the forest deity that was half man and half goat.  Pan was a popular god among the common people.  Farmers and rural people frequently identified with this wild deity of the countryside.  It should be noted that in the days of the Roman Empire the church grew first and foremost in the cities.  The rural people largely remained pagan.  Indeed, the word “pagan” originally meant a country dweller.  Since the early Christians rightly considered idolatrous gods as demons, Pan and satyrs (goat-men) became associated with false worship and honoring demonic gods.  Then gradually the horns and cloven hooves of Pan were transferred to images of the Devil himself.  In the Middle Ages Satan was often depicted as being a horned creature.  Sometimes he was goat-like in appearance.  At other times he appeared more like a wolf, or even some type of fantastic bird-headed beast.  Yet the horns and cloven hooves were pretty consistently featured.

In modern times Satanists and devil worshipers have capitalized on this tradition and taken the goat head as a common symbol.  Indeed, the most common image used by the Church of Satan is a goat’s head within a pentagram.  Historically this is rooted not only in ancient and medieval images of a goat-like Devil, but in the literature of 19th century occult literature.  It was asserted the “god of the witches” as the so-called Goat of Mendes. This was a winged and goat-headed hermaphroditic figure with a pentagram on its forehead.

The bottom line should be this:  Although as a symbol goats have commonly become associated with the devil in religious and occult symbolism, actually there is nothing inherently evil about these creatures made by God.  Indeed, anyone that I know who has ever owned goats loves them.  They are said to be gentle, intelligent animals that people enjoy raising.

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Is Witchcraft Real?

 

Question:  “Is witchcraft real?  And do witches really have power?”  B.H. in Charlottesville, VA.

Answer:  The Bible is very clear about the actual existence of witches, sorcerers and those who practical the magical arts.  Although witchcraft is considered something mythical, even silly, in modern society, from a biblical perspective this is a serious issue.  The Scriptures admit the existence of witches, magicians, sorcerers, mediums, etc. in Deuteronomy 18:9-14.  And there is no indication here that these individuals do not exhibit genuine powers and supernatural ability.  Indeed, in ancient times the presence of such individuals in Israelite society was considered dangerous enough that God mandated the death penalty for anyone practicing witchcraft, sorcery or divination (see Exodus 22:18, Leviticus 20: 6 & 27, cf. Deut. 19:9-11 and Micah 5:12). Continue reading

By the Pricking of My Thumbs

I remember counseling a woman who was suffering from a great deal of fear in her life. Over the course of several weeks, I discovered that this woman had had several experiences with occult undertones. I felt that an intensive exploration of occult influences in her life was necessary. We sat down one evening and spent about two hours diagnosing her exposure to the occult. Although she was raised in church, and had a rather ordinary life, we found that she had experienced about 25 different instances of involvement in things of a demonic nature. This included everything from yoga and seeing ghosts to ouija boards and seances. No wonder there was a spirit of fear in her life! Continue reading

How Could The Devil Fall?

Question: “If God created all things perfect, and without sin, then how could the Devil have possibly fallen?” (From S. in Roanoke)

My Answer: This question was posed to me at a small group meeting in Roanoke, Va. In clarifying the question, the issue was this: If everything was good, without evil at all, then how could it happen that a perfect, sinless being would possibly sin in the first place. Good question. Continue reading

Can the Devil Read Our Minds?

Question: “My wife said that she had been told somewhere that we can think a prayer or request  of God in our mind, but if we wish to rebuke Satan we must say it verbally, out loud. What does  Scripture teach? The question actually is, can Satan read our minds?” (G. in Roanoke)

My Answer: This is probably one of the most commonly asked questions that I have heard
through the years. Many people wonder about this. Some even worry over it. What does the
Bible say?

First of all, the Bible doesn’t give a clear answer. There is no where in Scripture where it says
that the Devil can or cannot read our minds. However, with that said, there are some passages
that give us some insight into this matter. Continue reading